Q4: How do you scaffold reading & writing instruction for English learners?
I want them to use their L1 to help them rd & wrt in English. Rd in Eng, wrt in Spanish, or vice versa.
When I work with newcomer students, we just don’t have time for them to learn English before they start doing meaningful academic work. Additionally, they are already mature speakers of another language that can be useful to their academic development. We make full use of their home-language skills in my newcomer class: when we read or view in English, we write about it in Spanish. This gives me a better sense of my students’ comprehension–their ability to understand usually runs ahead of their ability to produce.
On the other hand, when I do want students to produce in English, I give them access to Spanish-language resources for research and reading. When they understand the content they want to speak or write about, they feel more confident and able to share what they know in a new language.